Category Archives for "In the News"
Anything interesting and happening in the world of Real Estate
Anything interesting and happening in the world of Real Estate
In an effort to help rebuild American communities devastated by the foreclosure crisis, the National Association of Realtors (NAR), a trade association with 1.2
million members, has partnered with the National Community Stabilization Trust (NCST), a nonprofit organization that facilitates the transfer of foreclosed and abandoned properties from financial intuitions to local housing organizations.
This collaboration will bring more than 1,400 state and local Realtor associations into a side-by-side relationship with leading nonprofits and state and local leaders to develop comprehensive and targeted plans to help bring stabilization to struggling neighborhoods. The partnership was made possible by the new federal Neighborhood Stabilization Program, which provides $6 billion in funding to reclaim neighborhoods permeated by high levels of foreclosed and abandoned property, property disinvestment, low prices, and low resident confidence.
“Realtors build communities and have the market expertise and property transaction tools to help local housing organizations understand local market conditions and how to put foreclosed houses back into the hands of stable homeowners,” said Vicki Cox Golder, NAR president. “Working in this partnership with NCST gives Realtors a seat at the community table to perform a leadership role in restoring vitality to communities across this great nation.”
As part of NAR’s Foreclosure Prevention & Response Program, Realtors have been engaged in foreclosure prevention efforts since early 2009. Over the past year, Golder said many state and local Realtor associations have shown outstanding leadership and have become active participants in community problem solving, proving that Realtors are a valuable local community partner.
“Neighborhoods across America have been decimated by high concentrations of abandoned and foreclosed homes. To reverse neighborhood decline, we need the Realtor community working hand in hand with other housing providers,” said Craig Nickerson, president of NCST. “This ambitious new campaign will harness the unique abilities of Realtors to remarket newly renovated homes and to rebrand the tarnished image of hard-hit neighborhoods.”
NAR and the NCST will be working nationwide on this new initiative, but a focus will be placed on enhancing capacity in states experiencing the highest level of foreclosure and abandonment. Based on severity of foreclosure problems, NAR began initiating contact with targeted state associations on January 27. In addition, in-depth training and education materials developed and provided by NCST will be available on NAR’s Web site.
Fannie Mae says it will cover the closing costs on purchases of its REO homes – an incentive the GSE hopes will help it pare down a bloated supply of repossessed foreclosed properties.
The nation’s largest mortgage financier has announced a temporary seller-assistance program under which people purchasing a property through HomePath, Fannie Mae’s REO disposition operation, will receive up to 3.5 percent of the final sales price, which can be applied toward closing costs or used to purchase appliances for their new home.
The offer is available to any owner-occupant who closes on the purchase of a property listed on HomePath.com before May 1, 2010, the company said. In addition, many Fannie
Mae-owned properties are eligible for special HomePath Mortgage and HomePath Renovation Mortgage financing, with as little as 3 percent down.
“Attracting qualified buyers to the market and reducing the inventory of vacant homes is critical to stabilizing neighborhoods and helping the market recover,” said Terry Edwards, EVP of credit portfolio management for Fannie Mae. “Many families are taking advantage of the federal homebuyer tax credit to buy a new home so this is a great time for Fannie Mae to offer some additional help.”
Recent data from Fannie Mae show an increase in the acquisition of foreclosed properties and an escalating rate of seriously delinquent loans, which means even larger volumes of REOs could be coming down the pipeline.
According to the GSE’s most recent quarterly filing, Fannie Mae acquired 98,428 homes through foreclosure during the first nine months of last year and sold 89,691 REO properties during the same period. But at the end of September, Fannie Mae still had 72,275 REO properties on its books, marking a 7 percent increase year-over-year.
Furthermore, Fannie Mae’s monthly summary shows significant growth in seriously delinquent single-family mortgages held or guaranteed by the company. Up from 2.13 percent in November 2008, loans three or more months behind in payments or in the foreclosure process soared to 5.29 percent in November 2009.
1. What is a short sale?
A short sale is the process by which homeowners can sell their home for less money than they actually owe on the mortgage(s). This is accomplished by providing proper documentation to the lender(s) to convince them to reduce the mortgage balance to allow the sale. If the sale is approved, the mortgage lender(s) will actually take a loss on the mortgage.
If a bank approves the discount of a mortgage, the home can be sold for a price lower than the amount owed without the seller having to come up with cash to cover the shortfall. The mortgage is satisfied and any foreclosure process stops.
2. How does the bank decide what price to put on the property?
Every bank has a specific method of deciding how much they’ll accept on a short sale.
3. What type of situation is the short sale best for?
Most short sales are accomplished on properties heading toward foreclosure. This means the homeowner is at least 3 payments behind, and the foreclosure process has already begun. Recently however, more mortgages that are simply behind or “in default” are considered short sale candidates without actually being in foreclosure.
Next, the homeowner typically has no equity or negative equity in the home. In other words, the total balance owed to the lender is equal to, or greater than, the price at which the house can be sold.
Lastly, the homeowner must have some type of financial “hardship” which is preventing him from paying the mortgage.
4. Does a homeowner benefit from a short sale?
First and foremost, a short sale relieves the stress of being in foreclosure and it allows the homeowner to get rid of their big mortgage payment and move on with their lives. A short sale allows you to stop a foreclosure proceeding and get a fresh start. In our experience, this is the primary benefit to the homeowner.
On the credit side, a short sale is arguably the lessor of two evils. Having some late payments, and a foreclosure filed has already done damage to your credit.. However, a completed foreclosure generally does more damage than a short sale agreed to by a lender. Obviously, a bankruptcy significantly damages your credit score.
5. I’m an investor, can I short sale my rental property?
Yes, but remember the “hardship” element which must be present. For investors there may also be some income tax issues resulting from mortgage relief. Remember to consult your tax advisor..
6. Does it matter what kind of loan I have?
Possibly. In some instances there is a potential risk of a deficiency judgement or a lawsuit on a loan contract, as opposed to judicial foreclosure. Give me a call and we can discuss the specifics of your situation.
7. I am in foreclosure. Is a short sale for me?
Each situation is different and must be evaluated individually. The important factors in relation to a short sale are:
a. Property in foreclosure or default
b. Personal financial hardship
c. Little or no equity in the property
d. At least 60 days until eviction date
e. The value of the home has declined below the loan amount
If you feel you fit into these criteria, give me a call and we can discuss your specific situation.
8. What if my mortgage is an FHA, HUD or VA mortgage?
Short sales can still generally be accomplished on all of these types of mortgages, though each one has different criteria.
9. What options other than a short sale might I have?
a. Cure your mortgage default (bring your payments current);
b. Attempt a loan modification that adjusts the terms of your existing loan;
c. Refinance your mortgage with another lender;
d. Try to sell your home through normal channels;
e. Attempt to get your lender to accept a deed in lieu of a foreclosure; and/or
10. What is “financial hardship” and why is it so important?
“Financial hardship” is a critical part of the short sale equation. No matter what you hear about banks “not being in the business of owning real estate”, they DO NOT easily give homeowners a break. They require GOOD REASON to give a discount for a short a sale.
The only reason a lender will agree to a short sale is if they determine that a short sale will net them more money than proceeding with the foreclosure. Understanding the homeowner’s financial hardship plays a major role in the lender’s estimation of whether or not it will be paid in full for the mortgage. Quite simply, lenders will make the borrower pay the shortfall if there is no hardship.
Many homeowners try to use a short sale as a “get out of jail free” card to dump a poor investment. Lenders will not allow this, and it is a waste of time to try. If you are employed and have some assets, but you have simply lost value in your home and want to sell, you probably cannot short sale. If you are current on your mortgage, it is very difficult to short sale. Lenders need to see that you simply cannot pay them before they will agree to a short sale.
11. Who owns the house after a short sale?
The purchaser of the house is the owner after a short sale, just the same as in a normal sale. The mortgage lender is paid off and the previous homeowner moves to a different home.
12. What do I do about my back property taxes when I do a short sale?
Just as in a normal home sale, the property taxes are the responsibility of the homeowner until the date the sale is closed. Then they become the responsibility of the buyer. If your property taxes have not been paid this will affect the negotiations between the buyer and the bank, so you must inform me or any buyer of the taxes owed.
13. Do you handle homes in my area?
Our focus is Mecklenburg County and surrounding, however, we will consider listings in other areas of North and South Carolina. In addition, I work with other short sale specialists in the South East and can often refer your case to another Real Estate Broker if I cannot help you.
14. Do you handle duplexes, apartment buildings, condos, or commercial property?
I handle residential properties of all types in virtually all price ranges, but I currently do not handle commercial properties.
15. My home is already listed for sale on the MLS, but isn’t selling; can I still do a short sale?
Yes, you can and it is relatively common. Some lenders even require that a house be listed for sale before approving a short sale in order to show that a discount is necessary.
16. My home is really nice, why is the short sale offer price so low?
Sellers often have an emotional attachment to their home and may feel a short sale offer is too low. It is important to remember a few things. First, the seller in a short sale can never receive any money in the transaction. It should therefore be of little concern what price is offered as long as the short sale is done. The only real exception is when the seller has tax liability concerns. (If there is tax liability, a lower sale price means a larger mortgage relief and a greater tax liability.) Otherwise, the price should not matter to the seller.
The important factor in a short sale is whether the lender will accept the price offered. Lenders often accept prices for short sales which may be surprising to normal homeowners or Realtors. Discounts of 30% are no longer uncommon. This happens for several reasons:
A. Sellers are often in denial about how bad the market really is for housing and therefore, how far the value has declined.
B. Lenders don’t like the foreclosure process any more than homeowners do (especially in California). Lenders incur substantial costs during a foreclosure process that can last more than 12 months. They have attorney fees, filing fees, publication fees, lost interest on the money that is tied up, property taxes, insurance, maintenance costs, as well as the potential for vandalism of a vacant home. This is all BEFORE having to try to sell the home as a bank-owned (REO) property and pay sales commissions. A short sale is a way to avoid some or all of these costs. If a lender calculates his cost of eviction at $50,000 for a house, they will often take a $40,000 loss on a short sale instead and be better off for having done so..
17. Who pays the real estate commissions on a short sale?
The commissions are paid from the funds the buyer places in escrow and because there is no equity in the house, the lender ultimately is the one paying the entire sales commission.
18. Are short sales guaranteed to work?
No. All of the criteria must be met before a bank will even consider a short sale. Even then it isn’t easy to convince a bank that the market value of the home is lower than what they are owed.
Even if all the paperwork has been correctly completed it can take several weeks, or even months, only to be denied. If the lender does not approve the short sale, no transaction occurs. The Purchase Agreement becomes void and the listing continues.
19. How long does a short sale take?
A short sale can take 60 to 120 days or longer to complete. This is very important. The process is complicated and takes a lot of time. So to exercise the short sale option, you must act quickly. If you wait until one week before eviction, no one can help you with a short sale. It is simply impossible. DO NOT WAIT.
20. Why do I have to sign a Borrower’s Authorization?
The Borrower’s Authorization gives the lender permission to speak to your representative about your loan. That’s all it does, but it is necessary. An authorization must be filled out for each mortgage and for each Realtor or escrow officer authorized to act on your behalf.
21. I have heard that I could owe income taxes after a short sale, is this true?
Possibly, but it’s not that simple. There are a number of factors involved. For example, are you an investor or is the property your primary residence. Is the debt on the property “purchase money” or has the home been refinanced. If you’re an investor or if the property was refinanced are you insolvent? You can see how the matter can become complex in very short order. You must consult with an attorney or CPA on this issue. However, without getting too complicated, I can provide our experience with this problem.
When a lender writes off part of a loan (discounts it) the portion written off is the equivalent of a cash infusion to the owner. This “mortgage relief” is then reported as income to you by means of a 1099C form.
Even if you receive a 1099C and declare it as income, there is a good chance you will owe very little tax. This is because there is an IRS rule regarding “insolvency” which essentially says if you are insolvent (more liabilities than assets) at the time of the short sale, you don’t have to count the 1099C as income (instead you declare it, then obtain the exemption). There is an IRS form to complete to show you are insolvent. See the Internal Revenue Service website at www.irs.gov
In December of 2007, President Bush signed a new law into effect providing that for a specified period of time homeowners who satisfy certain requirements will not be taxed on mortgage relief. This bill is called, the “Homeowners Debt Forgiveness Act” and it may or may not apply to your situation.
Again, please consult a CPA or tax adviser.
20. I am behind on my mortgage payments, but not yet in foreclosure. Can I do a short sale?
Yes, this is happening with much greater regularity. Sometimes these are the most attractive short sales for both the buyer and the lender because the buyer can take advantage of the lender’s ability to avoid the vast majority of the costs of foreclosure.
In these cases, it is more important to have a very clear “hardship” story to explain to the lender why you are unable to make the payments.
21. My house needs a lot of repair; can I still do a short sale?
Yes, though it can make the process more difficult because the price must be lower to compensate for the repairs. The key is to show the bank’s appraiser all the work that needs to be done. Let me know in advance if this is the case with your home.
22. I have more than 10% equity in my home – can I still do a short sale?
Probably not. However, you may be a candidate for a regular sale.
23. Other people are on the deed with me, but they don’t want to short sell. Can I still do a short sale?
No. All parties listed on the deed or mortgage must sign the short sale purchase agreement. There are no exceptions to this.
24. I have other liens (i.e. mechanics, IRS, court judgments) on my house; can I still do a short sale?
Yes, but it gets much more complicated and will take longer. If this is the case with your home, be sure to COMPLETELY list all liens you have. Each lien holder must be negotiated with individually. A short sale in this circumstance will take substantially longer.
25. I have property I inherited but I can’t afford the mortgage. Can I do a short sale?
Yes. You might also want to read our article, “Preserve Your Prop 13 Base Year For Your Children and Grandchildren“.
26. I have 2 or 3 mortgages on my house. Can I still do a short sale?
Yes, each mortgage or line of credit (HELOC) can be negotiated individually. It is important to know which mortgage filed the foreclosure or, if more than one are in foreclosure, which one filed first.